top of page
  • Writer's pictureSandra Cesca

The Rise of Rural Raicilla

Updated: Apr 3, 2020

The stories about El Tuito’s local “moonshine” have existed for ages including its shadowy history of being illegally produced in remote back woods areas and sold in unlabeled plastic soda bottles to those who knew where to find it. All that is slowly changing as production is now legal and local distillers are getting better at their craft. This moonshine, known as raicilla, which means little root, can now be found sold in artistic glass bottles in much of Mexico and some states in the US.

It seems the production of raicilla began over 400 years ago among the indigenous communities living in the state of Jalisco as this is where the most popular raicilla agaves, usually Maximiliana or Lechuguilla, grow. Both the coastal towns of Cabo Corrientes and the mountainous villages of the Sierra Madre Occidental grow these agaves. When the Spanish took over Mexico in the 16th century, they heavily taxed raicilla hoping that their Spanish wines and liquors would become more popular. Rebelling against this taxation is what led raicilla to go underground for such a long time.

My friend Miguel has been producing his artisan raicilla for about seven years on his property in Tuito. When we visit him during my Rural El Tuito Tour, he tells us it takes seven years for the agave to be ready for harvest which usually happens in February. The tough leaves are cut off revealing the root ball which looks like a pineapple or piña.These piñas, weighing about 80 kilograms (175 pounds) each, are cut into chunks and placed in his wood-fired clay pit oven to cook for 2-3 days until they are ready to be ground into mash and fermented in barrels. After two weeks, the barrels will be checked daily to determine when they are ready for distillation. It takes 30 gallons of fermented liquid to make one quart of raicilla. Miguel does a double distillation which he feels produces a smoother flavor. He ends up with about 200 bottles which he sells from his ranch located in the pine-covered hills just north of Tuito.

Today, the three agaves, tequila and raicilla from Jalisco, and mezcal from Oaxaca, are all similarly produced but the different varieties of agave as well as their terroir (environmental factors that effect a crop) determine the differences in their taste. Compared to its agave cousins, raicilla is considered the most fragrant and fruity in the family and quite possibly the most versatile for mixing. Raicilla has a more subtle, less aggressive flavor and has been described as having a bouquet of citrus and floral aromas that are highlighted by notes of orange blossom, hibiscus, beach plum and roasted pineapple. Some will be smokier than others.

Raicilla production is still done in small batches and is considered an artisanal craft. The Council of Raicilla Producers in Mexico has begun the process to obtain denominacion origen status, the same accreditation that mezcal and tequila have.

Learn more about my El Tuito Tour at:

More stories like this:

108 views2 comments

Recent Posts

See All


Get Fried Rice
Get Fried Rice
May 13, 2020

Hi Sandra!

Ruby here. Do you have any photos that show the differences in: lechuguilla / maxi Milano / and other agaves?

I’m super interested.


Wendy Baker
Wendy Baker
Mar 28, 2020

I love tortillas so much. Thanks for this truly informative article. I learned a lot. What a great place you live💕

bottom of page